Arrest and Trials of Jesus

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Jesus was arrested at night in the Garden of Gethsemane. He underwent multiple trials before being crucified the next day. He appeared before two religious leaders, Caiaphas and Annas. And he appeared before two civil leaders, Herod Antipas and Pontius Pilate.

Monday - Jesus is Arrested

Luke 22:1-54

Tuesday - Peter denies Jesus

Luke 22:54-65, Mark 14:55-65

Wednesday - Judas hangs himself

Matthew 27:1-10, Acts 1:16-20

Thursday - Trial before Herod. Pilate releases Barabbas.

Luke 23:1-25

Friday - Jesus appears before Pilate

John 19:1-17

Eyewitness: Pontius Pilate

Pontius Pilate was a Roman Prefect who governed Judea from AD 26-36. He married the granddaughter of Augustus. Herod, the Tetrarch of Galilee, hated Pilate, who had mingled Galilean blood with sacrifices. After Pilate sent Jesus to be tried by Herod, they became friends. See Luke 13:1 and 23:6-12.

Sejanus, who controlled the Roman government after Tiberius retired to Capri in AD 26, appointed Pilate. Sejanus wanted to exterminate the Jews. To gain the favor of Sejanus, Pilate offended the Jews by ordering troops to carry shields into Jerusalem bearing the emperor's image. He later seized temple funds to construct an aqueduct in Jerusalem. He also issued coins bearing a staff that symbolized emperor worship. In October of AD 31, Tiberius executed Sejanus for treason. Then in AD 32 he ordered Pilate to stop minting the offensive coins.

Pilate did not want to crucify Jesus, and repeatedly tried to release him. But, because the Jews threatened to report him to Tiberius, Pilate sentenced Jesus. Pilate wrote the inscription that was put on the cross. He gave Joseph of Arimathea permission to bury Jesus

Did you know?

Annas was the father-in-law of Caiaphas. Although Annas was officially deposed as high-priest in AD 15, his judgment greatly influenced Caiaphas and the Sanhedrin.

Peter's 3rd denial was pronounced to a relative of Malchus, the servant he struck with a sword (John 18:26).

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