When Jesus established the Lord's Supper, he and the disciples were observing the Jewish Passover. Jesus related the bread they broke and the wine they drank to his body and blood. He instituted this custom to commemorate his death.
Monday - Jews and Greeks seek Jesus
Luke 21:37-38, John 12:20-50
Tuesday - Judas bargains to betray Jesus
Wednesday - The Lord's Supper
John 13:1-35, 1st Corinthians 11:23-29
Thursday - Jesus comforts the disciples
Luke 22:24-38, John 14:1-31
Friday - The farewell discourse
John 15:1 – 17:26
Eyewitness: Judas Iscariot
Jesus knew that Judas would betray him before his death. (John 6:70-71) King David prophesied that a friend would betray Christ. (Acts 1:16, Psalm 41:9)
Judas was a thief. He stole from the money-box of the disciples. He also disapproved of Mary anointing Jesus with expensive perfume (John 12:1-8). He betrayed Jesus for 30 pieces of silver.
Judas was with Jesus in the upper room. In fact, Jesus washed his feet, and later identified him as the betrayer. While Jesus was in the Garden of Gethsemane, Judas brought a mob to arrest him. He betrayed Jesus with a kiss. Then the disciples fled (Matthew 26:36-56, John 18:1-14).
When Judas saw that Jesus was condemned, he brought the money back and hanged himself. The money was used to purchase a parcel of land called the field of blood (Matthew 27:3-10, Acts 1:18-19). After the resurrection, the apostles replaced Judas with Matthias. Peter re-told the fate of Judas in Acts 1:15-26.
Did you know?
Passover commemorated the exodus from Egypt. The Hebrew word pesah means "to protect." God passed over the first born of Israel but killed the first born of Egypt. On the night Jesus was betrayed, he and the disciples were observing passover.
30 pieces of silver was the valuation of a Hebrew slave (Exodus 21:32).