Final thoughts

back | next

Many learned people have applied their minds to understanding blasphemy against the Holy Spirit. It’s readily apparent that they arrived at a variety of conclusions.

Three schools of thought

The three schools in this article provide an effective means to explain the various viewpoints. Admittedly, they are artificial. Each emphasizes a different aspect of interpreting scripture over another. The literal view emphasizes the definition of the word “blasphemy.” The contextual school emphasizes the context of the passages. And the doctrinal view emphasizes integration of related scriptures.

Each school has elements of merit. They are not mutually exclusive. It’s important to accurately define “blasphemy,” to correctly understand the context, and to properly apply other scriptures to this topic. Most scholars use elements from each school to form their individual conclusions.


Doubtless there are other arguments and conclusions regarding this sin. The analysis presented here is a fair representation of viewpoints expressed by many scholars.

This author’s intent was not to persuade you to accept a specific point of view. Rather, the goal was to carefully examine blasphemy against the Holy Spirit, and to provide related scriptural references.

Futher study

Passages in the footnotes below were referenced in this article and are relevant to the study of blasphemy against the Holy Spirit.

back | next

  • Matthew 12:22-32, Mark 3:20-30, and Luke 12:8-12
  • 1st John 5:16 and Hebrews 6:4-8
  • Romans 5:12, 6:16 and James 1:15
  • 1st John 1:9
  • John 16:7-15